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"A Popular Place With Rebels" A Footnote in Confederate History


By John Bennett


During the American Civil War, the genteel 'watering hole' of Royal Leamington Spa in the county of Warwickshire, England became a discreet nest of confederate operatives and their families. some of them found it hard to leave...


(This article appeared under the same title in 'Crossfire', the magazine of the ACWRT (UK) no. 76 - April 2005. Reproduced here with additional picture)




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"Batavian Grace" - Alexander Beresford Hope


By Charles Priestley


An example of English upper class support for the Confederacy during the American Civil War.


(This article appeared as 'Batavian Grace' in 'Crossfire', the magazine of the ACWRT (UK) no. 69 - August 2002. Reproduced here with additional photographs and minor corrections)


The traditional view of British support for the Confederacy is that it was largely the preserve of the upper classes, who felt greater kinship with an agrarian and aristocratic South than with the industrial North, while the broad mass of the population, hating slavery, supported the Union.




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"France's Opportunity": an Englishman's Plea for French Intervention


By Charles Priestley


IN a pamphlet published in French in 1865, distinguished British banker John Welsford Cowell told his readers that he had "For four years...tried, on various occasions, to explain to my fellow-countrymen the vital duty which England had, in 1861, been called upon to fulfil towards herself, towards her race in the South and towards the whole of humanity."


One of the more curious examples of Confederate propaganda in Europe is a pamphlet of 30 pages entitled La France et les États Confédérés ("France and the Confederate States"). Published in February 1865, it was the work of an Englishman named John Welsford Cowell, who is described on the title page as "agent et représentant, muni de pleins pouvoirs, de la Banque d'Angleterre aux États-Unis dans les années 1837, 1838 et 1839" ("agent and representative, with full powers, of the Bank of England in the United States in the years 1837, 1838 and 1839"). It is of interest chiefly because its English author, despairing of any such action on the part of his own country, makes a sustained and, indeed, passionate plea for France to intervene on the side of the Confederacy.


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A Civil War Tour of Liverpool


(The original version of this article appeared in 'Crossfire' the magazine of the ACWRT (UK) No.68 as 'The Liverpool Tour')


By Jeremy Edwards and Peter Burrows


The Civil War history of Liverpool, and the sites that can be visited to provide some background to that history are well-known to ACWRT (UK) members. But relatively few people from the other side of the pond know of this wealth of heritage. Here then, is an American's reaction to uncovering so much Civil War history in the North of England.


For an ACW Merseyside Trail Map by Len Ellison click here



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A Manx Confederate



Late in the afternoon on 16 June 1864, Union troops launched what was to prove an unsuccessful assault on what had been thinly held Confederate defensive works outside the important town of Petersburg, Virginia. The Union assault was preceded by an artillery bombardment. One of the Union shells, which hit the Confederate trenches, killed, or mortally wounded, four officers of the 27th South Carolina Infantry. Suffering severe injuries to his right side and hip, one of those officers, 2nd Lieutenant George Gelling was taken to the South Carolina Hospital in Petersburg where he died later that same day. In due course, Gelling’s body and the remains of at least two of the other officers killed by that Union shell were transported south to Charleston, South Carolina, and buried in the First Scottish Presbyterian Church of that city. So ended the military career of a young man born thousands of miles away on the Isle of Man.



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