Crossfire magazine

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Alonzo H. Cushing - Medal of Honor



By Greg Bayne


It was announced by the White House in September 2014 that Alonzo Cushing will receive the Medal of Honor.


Lieutenant Alonzo Cushing graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in June 1861. Neither Cushing nor any of his classmates who included George Armstrong Custer and Adelbert Ames had any portent of the horrors that the Civil War would unfold nor that they would pay the ultimate price. All that they knew was that they would have to play their part. By the time of his death, he had already spent two years fighting for the Union in nearly every major engagement starting with Bull Run. On July 3, 1863, the third and final day of the battle, Lieutenant Cushing commanded an artillery battery with 125 men in the centre of the Union “fishhook”. Fate decided that Lee would attack here in what would become widely recognised in later years as the Confederacy’s High Tide.



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Crossfire 97 (December 2012)


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This Issue Contains:-


France and Southern Confederacy (1861-1865)


Powers Hill - Why Little Round Top was not that decisive


Commemoration of the 20th Maine and the Gettysburg campaign – some mysteries resolved


Kennesaw Mountain


Cricketer and American Civil War Soldier


An Interview with Keith Poulter - Publisher of North & South Magazine


'The Nancy Harts' - Confederate fighting unit that hardly heard the sound of battle


Letter from Civil War Alabama - Streight-Forrest Raid & The Battle of Crooked Creek


CSS Alabama Crewman Henry Middleton Kernot


Firing Line - General Butler’s views




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CSS Alabama Crewman John Williams


The ACWRTUK has a long tradition of providing unique and rewarding research on Britain and the ACW. This article by Maurice Rigby details the life of one of the Alabama crew - John Williams. Maurice is our "go-to"man on the Alabama.


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CSS Georgia - Something doesn't add up.


By Greg Bayne



The CSS Georgia was reluctantly purchased by James Bulloch in March 1863. Originally the Japan, she was designed and built in Scotland to complement the East Indies Tea Trade, but she had an iron-bottom design which Bulloch new would hamper her for any high speed chases and length of service at sea. It would also as we shall see lead to lengthy repairs. In need of raiders, Bulloch wasted little time and on April 1st she departed Greenock to rendezvous with her tender, the Alar, off the coast of France near Ushant. Her captain was to be Commander William Lewis Maury and his orders were simple, to seek out, stop and destroy Union shipping. To aid him, the Georgia was armed with 2 x 100 pounders, 2 x 24 pounders and a single 32 pounder.



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Peace to his Ashes - by John Murray


Most readers of Crossfire will, in the context of Civil War photography, be familiar with the names of Brady, Gardner and O’Sullivan. Many will also be aware of the images made by A. J. Russell and George N. Barnard. The latter took memorable photographs as he followed Sherman’s army in the 1864 Atlanta campaign and on its March to the Sea. Barnard did not, however, accompany Sherman’s army after it left Savannah, Georgia, early in 1865 and marched north through the Carolinas. Thus, Barnard was not present when Sherman’s forces entered Columbia, the state capital of South Carolina. On 17 February 1865 much of Columbia was burned. (There is still controversy as to who was responsible for the conflagration, Union or Confederate forces.) A local and prominent photographer, Richard Wearn, was present and shortly after the war, probably in May 1865, he took 19 carte de visite images of the destroyed city.



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